1 which, 2 which, 3 whom, 4 what, 5 which, 6 whom, 7 what, 8 which, 9 which, 10 what
1 what, 2 whom, 3 whose, 4 who / whom, 5 which, 6 what, 7 what, 8 which, 9 which, 10 which, 11 whom, 12 which, 13 who, 14 whom, 15 which, 16 whose, 17 who / whom, 18 what, 19 what, 20 which, 21 what, 22 which, 23 what, 24 whom
a Whom is used in formal English; in less formal and informal English ‘who’ is used.
b To whom … is used in formal English; in less formal and informal English who is used and the preposition comes at the end.
2 We use ‘which’ when we have a limited number of choices in mind.
3 ‘what a’ is used in a because a countable noun (morning) follows. In B ‘what’ is used without ‘a’ because it is followed by an uncountable noun (weather).
1 Which search engine is better: Google or Yahoo?
2 What language do they speak in Greenland?
3 Which of you knows this courier service?
4 What were you talking about?
5 Whose luggage / baggage is this?
6 How well they played!
7 What do you need this loan for?
8 How difficult those translations were!
9 Which is the simplest program for making / building a website? Frontpage or Dreamweaver?
10 From whom did you get my address? / Who did you get my address from?
11 How irritating / annoying he is!
12 By whom has this burglar alarm been installed? / By whom was this … installed. / Who has this … been installed by? / Who was this … installed by?
13 How cold it is!
14 What deodorant do you use?
15 Which do you prefer: white wine or red? / white or red wine?
16 Which of these expenses are tax deductible?
17 How relieved we were!
18 What did she complain about?
19 With which of these persons did you make / have you made the appointment? / Which of ... did you make / have you made the appointment with?
20 Which of our saleswomen / sales women / salesgirls / sales girls told you / has told you this?
21 What are you looking for?
22 By whom have those figures been checked? / Who have these figures been checked by?
23 What lovely roses!
24 What nationality does he have / has he got / What is his nationality?
25 What horrible / terrible / awful weather!
1 which of you: We use ‘which’ when we have a limited number of choices in mind.
2 What did they complain about? ‘Where’ is not correct because ‘where’ can only refer to place.
3 From whom … / Who did you get this present from?: Whom is used after a preposition in formal English. In less formal language who is used and the preposition comes at the end.
4 Whose bag is this?: Whose is used when we want to know to whom something belongs (or: ‘whose’ is used when we want to express possession).
5 Which day: We use which when we have a limited number of choices in mind.
7 Which: a common spelling mistake
8 To whom … / Who did you pay the money to?: Whom is used after a preposition in formal English. In less formal language who is used and the preposition comes at the end.
11 What car makes: What is used for things when we do not have a limited number in mind.
12 What beautiful parks: ‘what’ is not followed by ‘a’ before plural nouns (parks).
14 What nonsense!: ‘what’ is not followed by ‘a’ before uncountable nouns (nonsense).
Text 1 1 sent, 2 which Text 2 3 have to, 4 its, 5 which Text 3 6 test, 7 which