1 she: subject form; him: object form
2 you: subject form; them: object form
3 they: subject form; us: object form
4 it: subject form; me: object form
5 her: object form (in ‘her father’, ‘her’ is a possessive pronoun)
1 than I am is used in formal English; than me is used in informal English.
2 It was her is very informal; it was she is formal.
1 I don’t know, 2 It, 3 I understand, 4 I think so, 5 it, 6 I do not mind, 7 I hope so. 8 I don’t remember, 9 I will try
1 It, 2 They, 3 them, 4 it, 5 them, 6 them, 7 him, 8 They, 9 us, 10 her
1 and 3
1 I think so.
2 I am afraid so.
3 I expect so.
4 I hope not.
5 I am afraid not.
6 I suppose so.
7 I don’t think so.
1 Nor / Neither did Tim.
2 So is mine.
3 Nor / Neither was the main course.
4 So did our competitors.
5 So does my friend.
6 Nor / Neither could my colleague.
1 So does Kai.
2 So has Karima.
3 Nor / Neither do I.
4 So did Mark.
5 Nor / Neither were the neighbours.
6 So are we.
7 So is Mike.
8 So do I.
9 Nor / Neither will we.
10 So do her children.
11 Nor are mine.
1 Is this your pen? / Is this pen yours? Yes, it is mine; I am glad (that) you have found it.
2 That is a valuable clock; it is more than three hundred years old.
3 Where is the account manager? He is abroad.
4 I do not understand where my calculator is. I have just used it.
5 Where are my glasses / spectacles? I have seen them / saw them in the bathroom.
6 Is that you Robert? Yes, it’s me.
7 Do you know that girl? Yes, it is my sister’s (girl)friend / the (girld)friend of my sister; she is a very nice girl.
8 Who are those people? They are our neighbours.
9 Who are they? It is Yasemin and her fiancé.
10 My friend and I / me have been to|London.
11 Have we been here before? I don’t / cannot remember.
12 Is the damage covered by the insurance? I suppose so.
13 She had to / needed to work on Saturdays but she did not mind.
14 I have never done this but I will / shall try.
15 I will / shall ask him.
16 Do you think prices will rise / go up / increase? I do not expect so.
17 Do you have to / need to go already? / Must you go already? I am afraid so.
18 Will they claim damages? I hope not.
19 I asked him to stay and he did so / so he did / and he did.
20 Has Bert also been invited? I hope so.
21 Will / Shall we be able to catch the train? I do not think so.
22 Did you get a residence permit? I am afraid not.
23 Who told you this? She did / Her. / It was her.
24 Can we meet our target? I do not think so. / Are we able to …
25 Janet is a very pretty / good-looking / clever (verstand) girl (and) so is her sister.
26 Doesn’t your girlfriend like skiing? Nor / Neither do I / I don’t either.
27 Don’t you go on holiday this year?Nor / Neither do we. / We don’t either. / Aren’t you going on holiday this year? Nor / Neither are we. / We aren’t either.
28 Kevin is not playing very well today; nor / neither is his brother / his brother isn’t either.
29 It was the parents who complained.
30 Who has done this / did this? I didn’t. / It wasn’t me.
31 It was he / him who helped / has helped me most.
32 She is much taller than he is / than him.
33 They have lived here longer than we have / than us.
34 I am as old as she is / as her.
35 Nobody / No one but / except him can answer this question.
1 It is the daughter …; she is a very …: It is used to identify a person. When further information is given about the person, he / she is used.
2 They are: When ‘het’ is used to refer to more than one person or thing, English uses they.
4 find it: It is used to refer to things.
6 it was the Russians: Het zijn / waren … die = It is / was … who
8 I hope so: So is used after ‘hope’.
9 It is my sister: It is used to identify a person.
10 and me: The object form is used after a preposition (for).
11 I don’t mind (without ‘it’): it is omitted after ‘mind’.
14 than I do: After than the subject form followed by a verb can be used in formal English; ‘than me’ can be used in less formal style.
15 I am afraid so: because the speaker wants to confirm the preceding statement. / Helaas wel should be translated by I am afraid so.
16 I hope not: The negative form of I hope so is I hope not.
17 tell my father: ‘it’ is omitted after ‘tell’.
18 except her: After except the object forms are used.
19 Nor / Neither is his sister: When a negative statement is applied to somebody else, your response starts with nor or neither.
20 It’s me: After a form of be, the object forms are used.
1 informal style because of ‘the neighbours and us’ instead of formal ‘and we’.
2 formal style because of ‘my wife and I’ instead of informal ‘my wife and me’.
3 informal style because of ‘than me’ instead of the formal ‘than I am’.
4 formal style because of ‘than I am’ instead of the informal ‘than me’.