1 Air pollution, 2 English literature, 3 The British economy, 4 the education, 5 Bananas, 6 the life of Shakespeare, 7 Death / life, 8 The economy, 9 education, 10 history, 11 the pollution, 12 the history of mankind, 13 the last few days, 14 the next five days
1 (the) winter / (the) summer, 2 hospital, 3 the advice, 4 the prices, 5 the occasion, 6 into, German, 7 the hospital, 8 the request, 9 breakfast, 10 the lunch, 11 by underground, 12 the piano, 13 Western society, 14 unemployment / in most areas, 15 to the school, 16 knows best
1 Prices have risen (over / in / during) the last few months. / (Over / in / during) the last … risen.
2 We often advertise on the Internet.
3 Unemployment has slightly dropped / fallen (over / in / during) the last few months. / (Over / in / during) the last … / Unemployment has dropped / fallen slightly …
4 This manual has been translated / was translated from English.
5 How is business?
6 Most Internet providers have (got) a help desk.
7 Our sales figures were bad / poor with the exception of May. / With the exception of May …
8 At the request of the host everybody / everyone was dressed in white.
9 We have chosen / selected your firm on the recommendation of the Chamber of Commerce. / We chose / selected …
10 We handled / have handled the complaint to the full / complete satisfaction of our client. / … to our client’s full / complete satisfaction. / We dealt with / have dealt with the complaint …
11 The proposal was put to the vote.
12 Of the on-line hotel sites Orbiville.nl booked the most hotels.
13 With the co-operation of the Dutch consulate we have been able / were able to make a successful business trip. / We have … with the co-operation …
14 On the basis of the new figures we will / shall have to adjust our profit forecast. / … we will / shall need to adjust …
15 He started a business in 2001; the next year he opened a second.
16 Unemployment is growing fastest / most rapidly in (the) towns / cities.
17 Never lose courage.
18 Short skirts have become the fashion again.
19 On the occasion of his twenty-first birthday he gave / threw a party.
20 Some people always blame / put the blame on society.
21 Of all (the) employees he worked hardest.
22 Shall we go by underground / tube or by bus?
23 In (the) summer we often camped in Hungary till / until we were robbed in the summer of 2006. / We often camped in Hungary in (the) summer till …
24 (Over / in / during) The last few weeks she has often been ill / sick. / She has …. weeks.
25 On 3 August / August 3 / 3rd August / August 3rd he had / got a heart attack. The next day he died. / He had / got …. on 3 August etc. / He died the next day.
26 Do you mean this Saturday / this coming Saturday or Saturday next week / Saturday week?
27 She has always taken a great interest / has always been very interested in the history of World War II.
28 He had the letter translated from English into Dutch.
29 How long have you played / been playing the guitar?
30 I have lost sight of most of my fellow students.
31 You will have to / need to learn these expressions by heart.
32 Half the house burned / burnt down / was burned down / was burnt down.
1 most wintersport advertisements No definite articleis used before most when it means the majority of.
2 On the recommendation of: This is one of the expressions with ‘the’.
3 for posterity: English does not use the definite article if a noun is used in a general meaning.
5 to hospital: No definite article is used before hospital when the purpose of the building is referred to.
6 breakfast: No definite article is used before the names of meals.
7 Half the village: The definite article follows the word half when it means ‘half the number / amount / size’.
8 I have played / have been playing: When something began in the past and continues in the present, the present perfect is used. (piano: The definite article is used before names of musical instruments.
9 takes an interest: This is one of the expressions with an indefinite article.
in the history: In this sentence ‘history’ is not used in a general meaning but in a restricted meaning: the history of World War II. Therefore ‘the’ is used.
11 by underground: No definite article is used before names of transport when preceded by ‘by’; he travels: The present simple is used to talk about habits i.e. things that happen regularly.
12 on the occasion: This is one of the expressions with ‘the’.
1 the, 2 the, 3 no ‘the’, 4 the 5 no ‘the’, 6 the, 7 the, 8 no ‘the’