1 an, 2 a, 3 a, 4 an, 5 a, 6 a, 7 an, 8 a, 9 an, 10 an, 11 an, 12 an, 13 an, 14 a
a (They are all correct)
c (2 and 3 are wrong)
1 a, 2 −, 3 an, 4 −, 5 –, 6 part of / a part of, 7 a, 8 … is managing director of an …, 9 –, 10 – 11 a, 12 a, 13 a, 14 a, 15 a / a
1 This village has about / approximately one / a thousand inhabitants.
2 The speed limit here is 50 kilometres an / per hour. / ……. hour here.
3 Do not use this glass as an ashtray.
4 What lovely / beautiful / wonderful music this is!
5 His son wanted to be / become a pilot.
6 As a Dutchman / Dutch person you cannot imagine such a thing / something like that. / Being Dutch you …
7 She works twenty hours a / per week as a waitress.
8 She has been a Member of Parliament / an MP for ten years.
9 John Prescott is Member of Parliament / MP for the constituency of Hull East / the Hull East constituency.
10 What delicious tomatoes!
11 A book token is often given as a present.
12 As a trainee she worked in Atlanta for three months last year. / Last year she worked as a trainee in Atlanta for three months. / She worked as a trainee in Atlanta for three months last year.
13 (A) part of the building was destroyed.
14 Exchanging articles / items without a receipt is not possible. / It is not possible to exchange … / It is impossible to exchange … / … is impossible.
15 What does he do for a living? I think (that) he is a systems analyst.
16 When I was a student I worked as a waiter in / at a restaurant. / I worked … when I was a student. / When I was a student … as a waiter.
17 He was finance director of a medium-sized company.
18 She was on a business trip.
19 He had to sell / has had to sell his shares at a loss.
20 There is a great / big chance that we will / shall get the contract.
21 An entrepreneur wants to make a profit.
22 The football club had evaded tax(es) on a large scale.
23 As a result of the strike we have not been able / were not able to deliver on time. / We … as a result of the strike.
24 As captain of the ship he was responsible for the safety of the passengers / the passengers’ safety.
25 He is general manager / CEO / managing director / of a large / big store chain.
26 With a view to the future we will have to / need to innovate.
1 as a salesgirl: The indefinite article is used before nouns referring to a profession.
2 a / one thousand: The indefinite article or ‘one’ is used before thousand.
4 was president: The indefinite article is not used when a profession etc. is held by one person at a time.
5 a European: The indefinite article is a before a consonant. (the first sound in ‘European’ is a j).
7 a visa: The indefinite article is used after without. 8 a Muslim: The indefinite article is used before nouns referring to a religion.
9 has been: When something began in the past and continues in the present, the present perfect is used. a teacher: The indefinite article is used before nouns referring to a profession.
11 a great interest: The expression is ‘take an interest in’.
12 a discount: The expression is ‘give a discount’.
13 What beautiful statues: No indefinite article is used after what before plural nouns.
15 an MP: The indefinite pronoun is an before a vowel. (the first sound in MP is an e)
became minister …: The indefinite article is not used when a profession etc. is held by one person at a time.
16 a uniform: The indefinite article is a before a consonant. (the first sound in ‘uniform’ is a j).
17 as a study: After as, the indefinite article is used.
18 an Internet …: The indefinite pronoun is an before a vowel.
19 a hotel: The indefinite article is a before a consonant.
headline: without a cord
Line 2: without an elastic cord
Line 3: as a management trainee
Line 7: a hundred dollars
Line 8: without a cord
Line 9: as a result
Line 11: a nearby hospital
Line 12: a chance
Line 13: a headache
The indefinite pronoun is a before consonants and an before vowels.
The choice between a and an depends on pronunciation, not spelling. We use a before a consonant sound, even if it is written as a vowel. And we use an before a vowel sound also if it is written as a consonant.