1 enquiries, 2 thieves, 3 a ten-dollar note, 4 potatoes, 5 photos, 6 Eskimos, 7 fifty euros / fifty euro, 8 employment agencies, 9 a hundred kilos, 10 volcanoes / volcanos
1 supplies, 2 delays, 3 taxes, 4 bikinis, 5 tattoos, 6 visas, 7 viruses, 8 avocados, 9 discos, 10 safes, 11 wives, 12 keys, 13 handkerchiefs / handkerchieves, 14 MPs, 15 employees, 16 scarfs / scarves, 17 DVDs, 18 embryos, 19 logos, 20 pizzas
1 When you do not want to refer to the gender of a person.
2 The singular is used when the noun is preceded by a numbe + hyphen.
3 In valley the y is preceded by a vowel. In this case the y remains unchanged.
4 In army the y is preceded by a consonant. In this case y changes into -ie.
1 bikes, 2 coats, 3 hours, 4 euro, 5 lives, 6 years, 7 mile, 8 hours, 9 books, 10 year
1 Why don’t you take off your coats?
2 My two brothers / Both my brothers are programmers.
3 During the storm / gale hundreds of sailors / seamen lost their lives.
4 The children had forgotten to wash their faces.
3 female driver / woman driver
6 female teacher / woman teacher
7 female lawyer / woman lawyer
8 saleswoman / salesgirl / female salesperson
9 female doctor / woman doctor
12 female cousin
1 male nurse, 2 fiancé, 3 male secretary, 4 bridegroom / groom, 5 nephew, 6 widower
1 Where can we hire / rent skis?
2 On these goods import duties have to be paid / must be paid / need to be paid / Import duties ... paid on these goods.
3 There were all kinds / sorts of sports facilities for the employees.
4 This company has two subsidiaries.
5 These knives are made of stainless steel.
6 Ten new ASCs will be built for asylum seekers and refugees.
7 Why were these two female employees dismissed / fired / sacked?
8 These 50-euro banknotes / fifty-euro banknotes / banknotes of fifty euro(s) are forged.
9 Can / Could you make two copies of these photos?
10 Customers of the petrol station / filling station are filmed by video cameras / CCT (= closed circuit TV) cameras.
11 At the border the cargoes / cargos of all lorries were checked. / The cargoes … at the border.
12 She wanted to be operated on by a female surgeon / woman surgeon.
13 I paid / have paid four euro(s) for these tomatoes.
14 They suffered / were suffering great / big losses.
15 Do / Would you prefer a male or a female nurse/a man nurse or a woman nurse?
16 The job centre had a lot of / many vacancies.
17 The bonuses of most CEOs were raised/increased last year.
18 In these two tsunamis two thousand people lost their lives.
1 kilos: The plural is used when the number is more than one.
potatoes: no grammar rule
bananas: The plural of nouns is formed by adding -s, not ’s .
2 studios: The plural of nouns is formed by adding -s, not ’s .
4 shelves: Shelf is one of the nouns with a plural in -ves. No grammar rule.
5 hobbies: When the noun ends in a consonant + y, the y changes into ie in the plural.
6 loaves: Loaf is one of the nouns with a plural in -ves. No grammar rule.
7 CDs: With abbreviations the plural is formed by adding s.
9 books: The plural is used when the number is more than one. In this sentence a number of books have been forgotten.
10 lives: Theplural is used when the number is more than one. In this sentence a number of lives have been lost.
11 shirts: The plural is used when the number is more than one. In this sentence a number of shirts were taken off.
12 two-hour: The singular is used when the noun is preceded by a number + hyphen.
1 quotas, 2 three-week, 3 refugees 4 lives, 5 potatoes